- Blood pressure is a measure of the force that the heart uses to pump the blood around the body.
- Blood pressure is always given as two numbers (eg. : 120/80)
- Systolic Pressure (when the heartbeats)
- Diastolic Pressure (when the heart relaxes)
- Systolic Pressure is the blood pressure reading when your heartbeats. This reading is always the first (or top number). It measures the force your heart exerts on the walls of your arteries each time it beats
- Diastolic Pressure is a blood pressure measurement when your heart relaxes. This is always the second (or bottom number). It measures the force your heart exerts on the walls of your arteries in between beats.
Ideal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60 mmHg and 120/80 mmHg.
High blood pressure is considered to be 140/90 mmHg or higher.
Low blood pressure is considered to be 90/60 mmHg or lower.
High blood pressure often does not cause any signs of illness that you can see or feel.
It is recommended to check the blood pressure at least once every year after 40 years of age.
Blood pressure that is too low is known as Hypo-tension.
If one or both numbers are usually high, then it is high blood pressure i.e. Hyper-tension